Bruriah (2nd century CE)
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There exists a tradition among Orthodox Rabbis to
name their daughters Bruriah, as an assertion of her righteousness.
This explains the history of Bruriah, described as a woman a great
wit and wisdom, in second century Palestine. She was one of several
women quoted as a sage in the Talmud.
She’s greatly admired for her breadth of knowledge
in both halachah and aggadah. She was also very involved in the halachic
discussions of her time and even challenged her father on a matter
of ritual purity.
Many described Bruriah’s enormous inner strength.
The Midrash on the Book of Proverbs tells her sons suddenly died
on the Sabbath, but she hid their deaths from her husband until she
could tell him in a way that would comfort him. She posed this question
to him: If someone were to lend her something and then later came
to ask for it back, should she return it. Her husband, Rabbi Meir,
said of course they should return it. Bruriah then showed her husband
their dead sons. She reminded him that he believed they should return
a pledge to its rightful owner. Her husband replied, “The Lord has
given, the Lord has taken away. Blessed the name of the Lord.”