There is a law that says that workplaces can't
discriminate against women and men in the same
positions. However, sadly many workplaces circumvent
this by just slightly tweaking the job descriptions
so it appears the positions are different jobs.
More importantly, you ask how to ensure that
this doesn't happen. I think that we need to
hold workplaces accountable. Not only have
the laws around, but have monthly check ups
of sorts on employers. Also, we need to maybe
look at skills and other markers as a means
for salary, not necessarily title. And we need
to ensure that women themselves feel empowered
to ask for that. Women become partly responsible
because they don't know how to ask for more,
or even to imagine that they are worth it.
There are groups like the National
Partnership for Work and Families, Catalyst, and the
Committee on Pay Equity, which are
working toward these same goals.